Counselling, Jung, positive thoughts, psychology, thoughts influence on physical body, Uncategorized

17. A little background on Jung (part 2)

Jung: Attitudes and personality types

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Based on the flow of psychic energy, Jung conceived two key types of attitude (introvert and extravert) in combination with four orientations (thinking, sensation, intuition and feeling) resulting in eight personality types. Introversion was thought to be a result of the psychic energy flowing inwards. According to Jung, introverted individuals would tend to be reflective in nature, hesitant, shy, retiring and often defensive. With more likelihood of being self-sufficient than extraverts, introverts would be guided by their internal subjective experiences enjoying the familiarity of one’s home and feeling comfortable in the company of a few good friends.

Extraverts, on the other hand, result from the psychic energy flowing outwards and these individuals have more interest in the external world. Thus, extraverted characters are outgoing, open, socially comfortable and flexible in any situation with the ability to develop friendships with ease and speed. Extraverts are confident in facing the unknown with their perceptions, feelings and actions being heavily influenced by external, objective issues. Extraverts typically enjoy meeting new people, travelling, adventures, and are the life and soul of any party.

In combination with extraversion/ introversion, Jung proposed four functions: thinking (i.e., cognitive thinking), sensation (i.e., physical perception of touch, vision etc.), feeling (subjectively judging/ evaluating), and intuition (perception which is unconscious). According to Jung, these four functions are not evenly developed within the individual and indeed, one function is more dominant in any individual. This ‘primary’ function is most likely to be used frequently whilst the other less used functions are almost always unconscious. These ‘inferior’ functions raise an ‘inferiority’ which also underpins the individuals’ personality type.

Rational /irrational

Jung further categorised the four functions into rational and irrational. Feeling (i.e., how one subjectively evaluates a person’s or object’s worth), and thinking (logical judgment) are classed as rational due to their reflective nature in establishing a judgment. N.B., feeling, in this context, is not influenced by emotion (affect) and does not alter one’s physical state or influence judgment. Sensation (i.e., sensory perception of external world) and intuition (i.e., perception of one’s inner world) are classed as irrational. N.B. irrational, in this context, means “outside reason” and “it just is” but is not synonymous with unreasonable or illogical. With regards to rational/irrational categories, auxiliary functions differ from the primary function. In other words, if the primary function is intuition (irrational), the auxiliary functions would both be rational, i.e., feeling, thinking [1]. This will be explored next time.

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  1. Sharp, D. (1987). Personality types: Jung’s model of Typology. Inner city books, Toronto, Canada.
  2. Stevens, A. (1994) Jung: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Brain Injury, Counselling, low carb, MS and Ketogenic Diet, My Story, positive energy, positive thoughts, thoughts influence on physical body, Uncategorized

10. Our thoughts

Our thoughts

Can our thoughts really have an effect on our health? I believe that the attitude of our mind can indeed have serious effects on our health. I have met many people over the years with different illneses, disabilities, backgrounds, upbringings, experiences etc., and the people who have a love for life seem to be much happier than those who cannot see any good or anything positive.

Dandelion, Flower, Plant, Blossom

Someone close to me is on antidepressants for depression and always focuses on the negative things, and anything negative. I wonder if this is the very stuff that feeds the depression and maintains the low mood. From my own experience, I can leave the house in the morning in a bad mood ignoring all the positive stuff and purely focussing on the dog poop on the road, the noisy neighbours, and how late my bus is! However, I have also left the same house another morning in a good mood admiring the “weeds” growing by my front door, the leaves of the silver birch tree at the front of my house, the patterns of the clouds in the sky, and breathing in the fresh air into my lungs giving me energy for the day.

Catching myself is the first step to stopping myself from falling lower into a miserable day that is not going to do anyone any good. I find that if I remove myself for a while, breathe slowly, calm down my thinking, i.e., meditate (even for 5 minutes), and try to look for something positive. I don’t mean pretend to myself that it is all great, I just mean looking out for something. If you intend to find something positive, you always manage to find something positive. So, can our thoughts have an effect on our physical body?

The water experiment

Below is a clip from Dr. Emoto’s experiment on the consequences of our thoughts on water. In Masaru Emoto’s water “experiment”, he exposed water to a variety of diverse properties (words, music, images) that had different levels of energy, e.g., spoken words (gratitude, love, Hitler, kill). He then froze the water and observed its structure under microscope, to show how these different levels of energy had had an effect on the water’s structure. Despite the criticism from many scientists with regards to Emoto’s “experiment” for not being carried out under the strict scientific conditions or complying with the basic scientific regulations, the whole concept is quite wonderful. It is similar to when someone has angrily prepared your food, the food doesn’t taste as good but when the food has been made with love, the food tastes much better. Does anyone else notice this? It’s even the same with a cup of tea that someone has made. I can’t explain it. I’m not going to even try to explain it but I do think that Dr. Emoto was onto something amazing! The YouTube clip below shows Dr. Emoto’s pictures of water crystals and is under 4 minutes long.

If positive and negative energies had these effects on the water crystals, what affect might they be having on our own body which contains a high percentage of water? Could a change of thinking help with a change of physical health? If you liked this, be sure to subscribe. It’s free and you will have access to my weekly blogs. If there are specific areas of interest that you would like me to write about, please comment or write a question and I’ll do my very best to answer. I would love to hear from you!